The Clays and Clay Industries of Wisconsin Volume 1; No. 7 download PDF, EPUB, Kindle
The Clays and Clay Industries of Wisconsin Volume 1; No. 7 download PDF, EPUB, Kindle

The Clays and Clay Industries of Wisconsin Volume 1; No. 7 by Ernest Robertson Buckley
The Clays and Clay Industries of Wisconsin Volume 1; No. 7
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Author: Ernest Robertson Buckley
Number of Pages: 100 pages
Published Date: 18 May 2012
Publisher: Rarebooksclub.com
Publication Country: Miami Fl, United States
Language: English
ISBN: 9781236136350
File size: 39 Mb
File Name: the.clays.and.clay.industries.of.wisconsin.volume.1;.no..7.pdf
Download Link: the clays and clay industries of wisconsin volume 1; no. 7
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 Excerpt: ... located in the vicinity of Madison is owned and operated by David Stephens. It is located two miles west of the city on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad. This is an old and well established yard. Brick have been manufactured here for many years and may be seen in hundreds of buildings in this vicinity. The bank from which the clay is obtained varies in the thickness of the beds in different parts. The following is the succession of beds at the place where the clay was being worked in 1900: 4 feet of blue clay which burns red, 2-6 feet of coarse yellow sand, 10-16 feet of pink colored clay which burns white, 7 feet of blue clay which burns white. When the clay from the entire bank is mixed the burned brick have a white or cream color. In case the clay has not been thoroughly mixed the brick will have a streaked red and white color. When underburned the brick have a uniform dull red color. The clay is transferred from the bank to the factory in dump cars operated by a cable and winding drum. The clay is passed through a Wellington disintegrator to remove an occasional "clay dog" or limestone pebble, mixed in a double pug mill, and moulded in a Monarch soft mud machine. The brick are dried on pallets under sheds and in hacks on the yard, and burned in scove kilns. The factory has the reputation of manufacturing a good common brick. By setting the brick between the fire holes about twice the distance apart that they are in the tipper part of the kiln Mr. Stephens reduces very greatly the quantity of soft brick in the kilns. The upper four feet of clay is moderately low in calcium and magnesium carbonate, while that below is high in both of these constituents. The clay is suitable for neither vitrified or refractory wares. The following is...

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